Overview of Indicator Coral Fish in Poncan Islands, Sibolga, North Sumatra

Authors

  • Nanda Pratama Faculty of Fisheries and Marine, Universitas Riau
  • Joko Samiaji Faculty of Fisheries and Marine, Universitas Riau
  • Thamrin Thamrin Faculty of Fisheries and Marine, Universitas Riau

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31258/jocos.2.1.66-72

Keywords:

Chaetodontidae, reef fish indicator, abundance, Poncan Island

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of coral reef conditions on the abundance of coral reef fish indicators of the Chaetodontidae family and to be compared descriptively. This research was conducted in February-April 2020 in Poncan Island coast, Sibolga City, North Sumatra Province. The method used in this research was a survey method, the data obtained directly on site in the form of primary data, while the secondary data was collected from the related institutions and references. The method for quantifying the number of fish used was Underwater Visual Census (UVC), for collecting data on coral reef fish indicators was using the Line Intercept Transect (LIT) method supported by SCUBA (Self Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus). The results showed that the abundance of coral reef fish indicators for the Chaetodontidae family and coral reefs were in the average of 0-0.052 individuals/m2. The lowest abundance was found at stations 1 and 5, while the highest abundance was seen at station 2 with an average of 0.0248 individuals/m2. The abundance of live coral ranged from 5 - 51.8%. The lowest abundance was at station 1 and the highest was at station 4 with an average abundance of 30.804% which is categorized as moderate. The abundance of indicator reef fish in the waters of Poncan Island was influenced by the condition of coral reefs where in this study the abundance of live coral reefs was less than 23.02%. There was no indicator reef fish at the station.

References

[BPS]. Biro Pusat Statistik Kota Sibolga. (2007). Sibolga dalam angka 2007. Sibolga.

Burhanuddin, A.I. (2011). The Sleeping Giant, Potensi dan Permasalahan Kelautan. Brilian Internasional. Surabaya.

Dinas Pariwisata Kota Sibolga. (2004). Selayang Pandang Kota Sibolga. 2004. Sibolga.

English, S., Wikinson, C., & Baker, V. (1997). Survey Manual for Tropical Marine Resources. ASEAN-Australian Marine Science Project: Living Coastal Resources. Australian Institute of Marine Science.

________. (1994). Survey Manual for 1 Tropical Marine Resources. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Fownsville: 390 p.

Fimanozi, S., Zakaria, I.J. & Izmiarti. (2014). Komposisi dan Struktur Komunitas Ikan Kepe-Kepe (Famili Chaetodontidae) di Perairan Pantai Taman Nirwana, Kota Padang. Jurnal Biologi Universitas Andalas, 3(2): 92-96.

Fishbase. (2009). www. Fishbase.org.

Gomez, E. D., & Yap, H.T. (1988). Monitoring Reef Condition. P:187-195 dalam R.A. Kenchington dan B.E.T Hudson (eds), Coral Reef Management Handbook. UNESCO Regional Office for Science and Tecnology for South East Asia. Jakarta.

Guntur. M.S. (2011). Ekologi Karang pada Terumbu Buatan. Penerbit Ghalia Indonesia. Bogor.

Lazuardi, M.E. (2000). Struktur Komunitas Ikan Karang (Famili Chaetodontidae) dan Ketertarikannya dengan Persentase Penutupan Karang Hidup di Ekosistem Terumbu Karang di Perairan Nusa Penida, Bali. Skripsi. IPB. Bogor.

Madduppa H.H. (2006). Kajian Ekobilologi Ikan Kepe-Kepe (Chaetodon Oktofaciatus) dalam Mengidentifikasi Kondisi Ekosistem Terumbu Karang di Pulau Petondan Timur, Kepulauan Seribu, Jakarta. Skripsi. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Manuputty, A.E.W., & Djuwariah. (2009). Point Intercept Transect (PIT) untuk Masyarakat. Jakarta: Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Managemen Program COREMAP.

Odum, E.P. (1971). Fundamental of Ecology. W.B. Sounders Company, Philadelphia.

Pranata, N.B., Muliadi, & Sanova, A,S.S. (2018). Kondisi Ekosistem Terumbu Karang di Teluk Cina, Pulau Lemukutan, Kalimantan Timur. Jurnal Laut Khatulistiwa, 1 (2) : 9-16.

Prasetyo, A.B., Yuliadi, L.S., Astuty, S. & Prihadi, D.J. 2018. Keterkaitan Tipe Substrat dan Laju Sedimentasi dengan Kondisi Tutupan Terumbu Karang di Perairan Pulau Panggang Taman Nasional Kepulauan Seribu. Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan. 9 (2) : 1-7.

Riansyah, A., Hartono, D., & Kusuma, A.B. (2018). Ikan Kepe-Kepe (Chaetodontidae) Sebagai Bioindikator Kerusakan Perairan Ekosistem Terumbu Karang Pulau Tikus. Jurnal scientific, 35(2):103 – 110.

Saputra, M.T., Sadarum, B., Rahmadani, & Subhan. (2019). Hubungan antara Kondisi Tutupan Terumbu Karang Hidup dengan Kelimpahan Ikan Chaetodontidae di Perairan Lalanu, Kecamatan Soropia, Kabupaten Konawe. Jurnal Sapa Laut, 4 (2) : 53-60.

Samiaji, J. (2012). Bahan Kuliah Ekologi Laut. Laboratorium Biologi Laut Fakultas dan Kelautan Universitas Riau.

Simbolon, S.A. (2013). Analisisi Kelimpahan Ikan Kepe-kepe pada Terumbu Karang di Pulau Beralas Pasir Kabupaten Bintan. Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan. Pekanbaru.

Terangi. (2004). Panduan Dasar untuk Pengenalan Ikan Karang Secara Visual Jakarta Indonesia.

Downloads

Published

2021-01-31

How to Cite

Pratama, N., Samiaji, J., & Thamrin, T. (2021). Overview of Indicator Coral Fish in Poncan Islands, Sibolga, North Sumatra. Journal of Coastal and Ocean Sciences, 2(1), 66-72. https://doi.org/10.31258/jocos.2.1.66-72

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>